What are FODMAPS?
FODMAP is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols. They are more commonly know as short-chain sugars that the small intestine digests poorly.
What is IBS?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is exactly how it sounds, it is when your gut becomes irritated by the food that you eat causing a variety of symptoms from bloating and constipation to diarrhoea.
Oligosaccharides are made up of fructo-oligosaccharides (fructans) and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) which in combination are made up of short chain sugars that are incompletely absorbed in the human gastro-intestinal tract.
How do FODMAPS give me IBS?
There are multiple answers to this question because there are multiple ways in which FODMAPS cause IBS but, at a quick glance, FODMAPs are so small in size that they attract water into the bowel resulting in diarrhoea. As the FODMAPs reach the large intestines, the gut bacteria then ferments them resulting in the other symptoms of IBS such as bloating, distention, pain,
constipation and diarrhoea.
Catalyses the bonds between the fructose and glucose in all types of fructans (FOS, inulin, levan) breaking them down into simple sugars that can be easily absorbed.
Catalyses the bonds between the sugars in GOS breaking it down into simple sugars that can be absorbed by the gut.
Breaks lactose down into glucose and galactose which can be absorbed by the body.